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Wednesday, November 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Optical properties of ions in crystals. found in the catalog.

Optical properties of ions in crystals.

Johns Hopkins University Conference on Optical Properties of Ions in Crystals

Optical properties of ions in crystals.

Edited by H.M. Crosswhite [and] H.W. Moos.

by Johns Hopkins University Conference on Optical Properties of Ions in Crystals

  • 205 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Interscience Publishers in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Crystal optics -- Congresses,
  • Ions -- Congresses

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsCrosswhite, Henry Milton, 1919-,, Dieke, Gerhard Heinrich, 1901-1965, Moos, Henry Warren, 1936-,, Johns Hopkins University, United States. Office of Naval Research.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQD941 C65 1966AA
    The Physical Object
    Pagination552p.
    Number of Pages552
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17356965M

      Ionic crystals are hard because the positive and negative ions are strongly attracted to each other and difficult to separate, however, when pressure is applied to an ionic crystal then ions of like charge may be forced closer to each other. The electrostatic repulsion can be enough to split the crystal, which is why ionic solids also are brittle.


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Optical properties of ions in crystals. by Johns Hopkins University Conference on Optical Properties of Ions in Crystals Download PDF EPUB FB2

Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals: Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis th Edition by Nicolae M. Avram (Editor), Mikhail G. Brik (Editor)Format: Hardcover. About this book "Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals: Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis" discusses spectral, vibronic and magnetic properties of 3d-ions in a wide range of crystals, used as active media for solid state lasers and potential candidates for this role.

About this book Introduction "Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals: Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis" discusses spectral, vibronic and magnetic properties of 3d-ions in a wide range of crystals, used as active media for solid state lasers and potential candidates for this role.

Conference Optical properties of ions in crystals. book Optical Properties of Ions in Crystals ( Johns Hopkins University). Optical properties of ions in crystals. New York, Interscience Publishers [] (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Gerhard Heinrich Dieke; H M Crosswhite; H Warren Moos; United States.

The Institute consisted of a series of lectures on optical properties of ions in solids that, starting at a fundamental level, finally reached the current level of research. The sequence of lectures and the organization of the material taught were in keeping with a didactical presentation.

Accession Number: AD Title: OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF IONS IN CRYSTALS, Corporate Author: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD Personal Author(s): Crosswhite, H M ; Moos, H W Report Date: Jan Pagination or Media Count: Abstract: The volume is comprised of 40 papers in the following areas: Rare earth energy level structure and transition probabilities; energy levels and Cited by: Description: "Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals: Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis" discusses spectral, vibronic and magnetic properties of 3d-ions in a wide range of crystals, used as active media for solid state lasers and potential candidates for this role.

Crystal field calculations (including first-principles calculations of energy levels and absorption spectra) and their comparison with experimental spectra, the Jahn-Teller effect. OpticalReflectivity-> will be further liftedat some points in ral, throughout this book,however, we will speak of bands for which electrons have the same.

Crystal optics is the branch of optics that describes the behaviour of light in anisotropic media, that is, media in which light behaves differently depending on which direction the light is propagating.

The index of refraction depends on both composition and crystal structure and can be calculated using the Gladstone–Dale relation. Crystals are often naturally anisotropic, and in some media it is possible to. LiNbO 3 thin film crystals have been produced using crystal ion slicing and wafer bonding.

Films with a thickness of nm are produced on a thin layer of SiO 2, which is deposited on a substrate with electrodes. The crystalline and optical qualities of the fabricated thin films are investigated and are comparable to bulk LiNbO 3 single.

Optical and Microwave Properties of Focused Ion Beam Implanted Erbium Ions in Y 2 SiO 5 Crystals Nadezhda Kukharchyk, Sebastian Probst, Shovon Pal, Kangwei Xia, Roman Kolesov, Arne Ludwig, Alexey V. Ustinov, Pavel Bushev, and Andreas D. Wieck. • Aesthetic appeal of fine glassware- 'crystal' chandeliers • High refractive index/birefringent PbO-based glasses • Color in cathedral windows, art glass, etc.

Optical Properties 1. Bulk Properties: refractive index, optical dispersion 2. Wavelength-dependent optical properties: color 3. In our previous research work, we studied spectroscopic properties of AgCl x Br 1−x crystals doped with rare earth ions (Nd 3+, Er 3+ and Pr 3+) in the visible and near IR (λ Cited by: 7.

In crystals the optically active ions see more nearly uniform environments, and although they also exhibit inhomogeneous broadening, it is much weaker than in glasses.

adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A. An ionic crystal is a crystal consisting of ions bound together by their electrostatic attraction. Examples of such crystals are the alkali halides, including potassium fluoride, potassium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium iodide, sodium fluoride, and other combinations of sodium, caesium, rubidium, or lithium ions with fluoride, bromide, chloride or iodide ions.

Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, Volume 2 deals with the nonlinear optical properties of organic molecules and crystals, with emphasis on cubic nonlinear optical effects and and the intermolecular bond.

The author begins by setting out the basic physics of electron states in crystals (adopting a 'cluster-to-crystal' approach), and goes on to discuss the growth of nanocrystals, absorption and emission of light by nanocrystals, optical nonlinearities, interface effects, and photonic by: Optical Properties of 3d-Ions in Crystals Spectroscopy and Crystal Field Analysis by Nicolae M.

Avram and Publisher Springer. Save up to 80% by choosing the eTextbook option for ISBN:The print version of this textbook is ISBN:   Optical properties of Pr 3+:YAG. YAG has a complex crystal structure with yttrium ions occupying distorted octahedral sites of D 2 symmetry as shown in Fig.

1a and dymium dopant ions. So far only some of these have been explored. The book should therefore be of great interest to all physicists and chemists concerned with understanding the special properties of molecules and solids that are imposed by the presence of magnetic ions.

Originally published in The Cm 3+ ion, atomic num has the electronic configuration and is the actinide analog of the lanthanide ion Gd 3+.The ground term has only approximately 87 percent 8 S 7/2 parentage due to the large spin-orbit interaction as compared to the almost percent 8 S 7/2 parentage for Gd 3+.The electrostatic interaction between equivalent electrons in the f 7 shell results in a large gap.

Studies of spin systems by means of light scattering in paramagnetic crystals (S.A. Al'tshuler, Khasanov and B.I. Kochelaev). Electron paramagnetic resonance in the excited states of rare earth ions in crystals (R. Furrer).

Optical detection of spin-system magnetization in rare-earth activated crystals and glasses (V.S. The focus is on engineered optical systems that have been of recent interest in physics, engineering, and applied mathematics for their opto-electronic applications.

These include photonic crystals and meta-materials, and in the following discussions the operating principles of photonic crystals and meta-materials are outlined.

The presence of ions in liquid crystals is one of the grand challenges that hinder the application of liquid crystals in various devices, which include advanced 3-D and flexible displays, tunable lenses, etc.

Not only do they compromise the overall performance of liquid crystal devices, ions are also responsible for slow response, image sticking, and image flickering, as well as many other.

Nevertheless, we will mention differences in properties between rod-like liquid crystals and disc-like liquid crystals where appropriate. The application of experiences and knowledge that students gain through these experiments will allow students to also understand the properties of discotic liquid crystals.

To restate some basic properties of quantum particles that are necessary to consider electrons in a crystal, we start with a particle in a one-dimensional potential well (Fig.

Recommend this book. Optical Properties of Mixed Crystals'' is concerned with the description of optical processes in substitutionally disordered semiconductors and insulators which can be basically described through their elementary excitations.

Two of the chapters relate to the phonon response including the effect of side bands on electron transitions. The Effect of MeV Oxygen Ions on Electrical, Mechanical and Optical Properties of Nonlinear Optical L-Alanine Sodium Nitrate (LASN) Single Crystals M A Ahlam and A P Gnana Prakash* Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, Karnataka, India *Corres.

Author: [email protected] /. Abstract Changes induced by Pb 2+ impurities in the optical behaviour of crystals of the perovskitelike KMgF 3 have been studied. Absorption and emission spectra of samples, containing dopant concentrations ranging from to 10 mole%, show that isolated Pb 2+ ions, replacing substitutionally Mg 2+ ions in the cubic lattice of KMgF 3, assume a configuration very similar to that of (ns) 2.

Abstract The spectroscopy of AgCl x Br 1- x crystals doped with Pr 3+ ions was investigated in the mid-IR. The absorption, luminescence emission, and the kinetic parameters were measured over a broad temperature range.

We calculated the important optical parameters for Pr:AgBr and Pr:AgCl crystals using the Judd-Ofelt approximation. The first comprehensive textbook on the optical properties of photonic crystals.

It deals not only with the properties of the radiation modes inside the crystals but also with their peculiar optical response to external fields. Has consistently been a good seller (sometimes best-seller) at Optical Reviews: 2. The redox behavior, magnetic and optical properties of the transition elements are important features underlying their use in innumerable applications.

We shall be dealing with the electronic configurations, general characteristics, and complex forming tendency of transition elements. Atomic Structures and Properties Electronic configurations. Summary. Crystal field theory treats interactions between the electrons on the metal and the ligands as a simple electrostatic effect.

The presence of the ligands near the metal ion changes the energies of the metal d orbitals relative to their energies in the free ion. Both the color and the magnetic properties of a complex can be attributed to this crystal field splitting.

Thermal, acoustic, and optical properties Fall 2 Solid State Physics Lecture 4 (Ch. 3) Last weeks: • Diffraction from crystals • Scattering factors and selection rules for diffraction Today: • Lattice vibrations: Thermal, acoustic, and optical properties This Week: • Start with crystal lattice vibrations.

• Elastic constants. Optical and Luminescence Properties of Zinc Oxide. Rodnyi and I. Khodyuk. Petersburg State Technical University, St. Petersburg, Russia. Abstract—We generalize and systematize basic experimental data on optical and luminescence properties of ZnO single crystals, thin films, powders, ceramics, and nanocrystals.

Optical Properties of Nd3+ Ion-Doped ZnO Nanocrystals Liu et al. the optical spectra of Nd 3+, we can unambiguously prove the existence of multiple luminescence centers of Nd 3+ in. Potassium sulphate crystals containing chromate ions show two broad bands in the region Å and Å. These bands contain a fine structure of alternately weak and strong lines.

The set of strong lines is due to transitions from the ground state to vibrational levels of the excited state. The set of weaker lines is due to transitions from one of the vibration frequencies of the. The magnitude of the electrical charge on each of the component ions, and the relative sizes of the cations and anions, are the two characteristics of the component ions in crystalline ceramic materials which influence their crystal structure.

possesses unique electrical, magnetic, or optical properties. Which of these best describe. The nanosegregated structures of columnar, smectic and bicontinuous cubic liquid crystals can provide well-organized, nano- and sub-nanosized 1D, 2D and 3D channels capable of ion Cited by:.

The electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of a series of cubic single crystals of the K2PtCl6 type is reported.

The results of the measurements of the conductivities of K2TaCl6, Rb2TaCl6, and Cs2TaCl6, together with the Nb analogues are presented.

The optical spectra of Tc(+4) in Cs2ZrCl6 is reported, and a series of experiments on the exciton spectra of pure K2ReCl6 single crystals at.The last part of the book deals with more recent results on new composite materials: Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (PDLC).

A general presentation of the optical properties is given and the observations of several nonlinear optical effects are reported.Ions bound together by electrostatic attraction form ionic crystals. Their arrangement varies depending on the ions’ sizes or the radius ratio (the ratio of the radii of the positive to the negative ion).

A simple cubic crystal lattice has ions equally spaced in 3D at 90° angles.